A temporal neuron like in C can detect specific spatio-temporal spike
patterns. On the top, an example of a spatio-temporal spike pattern based on three neurons N1 to N3 and 6 spikes. On the bottom, the specific organization of synapses along the dendrite corresponding to the detected spike pattern given above.
A neuron for which the behavior can be described by eq. 4
(hereafter named temporal neuron) is able to detect a
specific spatio-temporal pattern of spikes. The general idea
of this form of detection is that all the EPSPs created by the
different spikes in the spike train will converge at the same
moment at the soma using the different propagation times to
counter-balance the different spike arrival times at each
synapse; all this creating a maximal depolarization in the
soma. A different version of the same general idea was
suggested by Gerstner et al. ( page 144) with the notable
difference that instead of using different propagation times,
they implemented different rise times.